Almada/Portugal

The municipality of Almada, with an area of 70.3 km2 , located on the left bank of the Tejo River, 4 km from Lisbon and 15 km from Portela International Airport. To the west the municipality of Almada is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean. Administratively it belongs to the Setubal district, in the north, is the Lisbon Metropolitan Area.

The resident population in Almada is 174,030 people, of whom 82,496 are men and 91,534 are women. The percentage of young people (0 to 14 years) increased from 14.1% in 2001 to 14.7% in 2011, but the elderly (65 and over) increased also and more significantly from 16.8% to 20 5%.

In education, the county has progressed in the last decades. The proportion of the population with higher education is 15%, while in 2001 was 10%. The illiteracy rate fell from 6.1% in 2001 to 3.3% in 2011.

In Almada there are 59 from public schools (two higher education) attended in the school year 2013/14 a total of 23,824 students. The total number of teachers and educators is about 2243 and the total number of assistants is 628. Almada has a university center, with 7 institutions, which provide about 62 degrees, 70 master's degrees, postgraduate courses and other further training courses, 18 that are associated with research centers, a total of 11,200 students and teachers about 1356.

In municipality of Almada there are more than 500 associations, formal and non-formal, which make Armada's capital associations. In the youth portal, they are inventoried 149 youth associations or working with / for young people. It should also emphasize the strong participation of the associative movement of parents who assume the local educational system management components in collaboration with local authorities.

Almada joined the International Association of Cities educators in 1997 and had an active participation at the international level, ensuring regular participation in international conferences. Also the Portuguese Network has received the participation of Almada, which includes coordination since 2012. She coordinates the Thematic Group: Inclusive Cities and ensured the realization of the VI National Congress of the Portuguese Territorial Network of Educating Cities, the 11, 12 and 13 November 2015.

At municipal level, it was created in 2008 a Website dedicated to the construction of Educating City and in 2009 launched the Competition for Young Talents, in order to encourage, promote and recognize the projects and youth pathways that promote the principles of the Charter of Educating Cities, creating for this purpose a designated prize "Almada, educating city".    

The Municipality of Almada understood that there should be a pilot school in which to apply the methodologies of the implementation project. For this purpose chose the Ruy Luis Gomes school group as the pilot school, aiming to introduce new motivation methodologies for students in the teaching / learning process. Therefore, in order to be implemented in a school in the County and later disseminated in all schools, we propose the school with the most significant retention rates in the Municipality, as well as the one that has never participated in European projects. Schools Ruy Luis Gomes:

  The Municipality of Almada is always the partner of the DESS project, however it gives 50% of its participation to the group of schools in question. The School characterization:

The Basic and Secondary School Professor Ruy Luís Gomes is located in the Municipality of Almada, Parish of Laranjeiro. It was built in 1974, covering the 3rd cycle and the secondary education. In the academic year 2007/2008 was grouped to three schools of the 1st cycle, forming the present Clusters  of Schools Professor Ruy Luís Gomes.

At this moment, School Professor Ruy Luís Gomes teaches the 2nd and 3rd cycles of basic education, secondary education for further studies (university education), as well as vocational courses, both at the level of basic education (education and training courses) , or at secondary level (vocational courses). Among the latter, we highlight the professional areas related to trade, tourism and photography. It also has a support unit for multi-disabled students.

The facilities of the Primary and Secondary School Professor Ruy Luís Gomes were re-qualified in 2011, having undergone profound changes, with the creation of wider and well-equipped learning spaces.As far as the school population is concerned, it comes mainly from the parish of Laranjeiro, whose population is largely derived from migratory movements from other parts of the country like african countries. 

In terms of socio-economic characterization, along with a social context made up of families of a traditional type from a middle and low-middle socio-economic level, it is worth mentioning the existence of several social neighborhoods where families of different ethnic origins, low levels of schooling, high levels of long-term unemployment and / or precarious employment, and poorly structured family situations, with low parental expectations and insufficient or inadequate supervision, which affects young people and decreases their self-esteem , Interest in school and school performance. 

Some 800 students currently attend school, of which about 60% are supported by the School Social Action, providing books, supplies and lunch.The school has a teaching staff of about 110 teachers and about 35 non-teaching staff (operational and administrative assistants). It also has an educational psychologist and technicians who support students with special educational needs, namely speech therapist and occupational therapists.    

 

PORTUGAL

A country by the sea ...  

Portugal is a country located in the Iberian Peninsula, in South-western Europe, right next to the Atlantic Ocean.  To the west and south it is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and to the east and north by Spain, in fact, the Portugal-Spain border is considered the longest uninterrupted border within the European Union. The republic also includes, besides the continental territory, the Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira, both autonomous regions with their own regional governments.

Portugal was born as a result of the Christian Reconquista, and in 1139, Afonso Henriques was proclaimed King of Portugal, thus firmly establishing Portuguese independence.

In the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal established the first global empire, becoming one of the world's major economic, political and military powers. During this time, Portuguese explorers pioneered maritime exploration in the Age of Discovery, with such notable discoveries as Vasco da Gama's sea route to India (1497-98), the discovery of Brazil (1500), and the reaching of the Cape of Good Hope.

After the 1910 revolution deposed the monarchy, the democratic but unstable Portuguese First Republic was established, later being superseded by the Estado Novo a right-wing authoritarian regime. Democracy was restored after the Portuguese Colonial War and the 25th of April Revolution in 1974 - it was known also because it was a pacific revolution, which says a lot about the Portuguese people. Shortly after, independence was granted to almost all its overseas territories, marking the end of the longest-lived colonial empire. Portugal has left a profound cultural and architectural influence across the globe and a legacy of over 250 million Portuguese speakers today.

Portugal is a developed country with a high-income advanced economy and a high living standard. It is the 5th most peaceful country in the world, maintaining a unitary semi-presidential republican form of government. Portugal is also a founding member of NATO and the Community of Portuguese Language Countries, it is also a member of numerous other international organizations, including the United Nations, the European Union, the eurozone, and OECD.   

In 1986, Portugal joined the European Economic Community (EEC) that later became the European Union (EU). In the following years Portugal's economy progressed considerably as a result of EEC/EU structural and cohesion funds and Portuguese companies' easier access to foreign markets. Portugal has been a semi-presidential representative democratic republic since the ratification of the Constitution of 1976, with Lisbon, the nation's largest city, as its capital. The Constitution grants the division or separation of powers among four bodies referred as "organs of Sovereignty": the President of the Republic, the Government, the Assembly of the Republic and the Courts.

 

Geography

The territory of Portugal includes an area in the Iberian Peninsula and two archipelagos in the Atlantic Ocean: the archipelagos of Madeira and the Azores.

Portugal is defined as a Mediterranean climate and is one of the warmest European countries: the annual average temperature in mainland Portugal varies from 8-12°C in the mountainous interior north to 16-19°C - so, we can say that we have a nice weather.

In the south of Portugal, the annual average temperatures can be as high as 28°C, and summer highest temperatures routinely are over 40°C - or a bit more.

Snowfalls occur regularly in the winter in the interior North and Centre of the country.

Administratively, Portugal is divided into 308 municipalities, which after a reform in 2013 are subdivided into 3,092 civil parishes. Operationally, the municipality and civil parish, along with the national government, are the only legally identifiable local administrative units identified by the government of Portugal (for example, cities, towns or villages have no standing in law, although may be used as catchment for the defining services).

Portugal is a country whose relief has different aspects (mountains, plateaus and plains). It has the longest maritime coast in Europe and the largest Atlantic front. It's a country that also has many rivers; the main ones are the Tagus, the Douro, the Guadiana and the Mondego.

Languages

Portuguese is the official language of Portugal. The Portuguese language is derived from the Latin spoken by the romanized Pre-Roman peoples of the Iberian Peninsula around 2000 years ago. Portuguese is now spoken as a native language in five different continents, with Brazil accounting for the largest number of native Portuguese speakers of any country (200 million speakers in 2012).

In 2013 the Portuguese language is the official language spoken in Brazil, Angola, Mozambique, Cape Verde, São Tomé and Príncipe, Guinea-Bissau, Equatorial Guinea, and East Timor.

Mirandese is also recognized as a co-official regional language in some municipalities of North-Eastern Portugal. An estimate of between 6,000 and 7,000 Mirandese speakers has been documented for Portugal.


Education

The educational system is divided into preschool (for those under age 6), basic education (9 years, in three stages, compulsory), secondary education (3 years, compulsory since 2010), and higher education (subdivided in university and polytechnic education).

Portuguese universities have existed since 1290. The oldest Portuguese university was first established in Lisbon before moving to Coimbra. Historically, within the scope of the Portuguese Empire, the Portuguese founded the oldest engineering school of the Americas (the Real Academia de Artilharia, Fortificação e Desenho of Rio de Janeiro) in 1792, as well as the oldest medical college in Asia (the Escola Médico-Cirúrgica of Goa) in 1842.

The Bologna process has been adopted, since 2006, by Portuguese universities and poly-technical institutes.


The Portuguese Education System

Pre-school education
Pre-school education is aimed at children aged between 3 and 5 years and is provided at public, private and co-operative nursery schools which offer educational activities and support for the family, especially in the form of socio-educational activities.

Basic Education

Consists of nine years of schooling divided into three sequential cycles of education of four, two and three years.

The basic education system is divided into three cycles, organized as follows:

1st cycle, with a duration of 4 school years, providing a rounded education, with students taught by a single teacher who teaches all curricular subject areas.


2nd cycle,( 5th and 6th years) - with a duration of 2 school years, in which the learning process is organized into interdisciplinary areas (basic level), mostly with one teacher for each area.

3rd cycle, (7th, 8th and 9th years) - lasting 3 school years, organized around a unified curriculum, including a variety of vocational areas, with one teacher for each subject or group of subjects.

Marks

In Basic Education (5th to 9th Grades): Scale of 1 to 5 (positive mark starts at 3) at the end of term.
Percentages are used for tests (0% to 100%), the average assessment is calculated, and making it correspond to the end of term mark (1 to 5);

Secondary education

Secondary school education lasts for 3 years and is compulsory. Secondary education courses have a duration of three years (corresponding to the 10th, 11th and 12th grades), and is open to students who have obtained the basic education diploma. Attendances are required by law. Students are aged between fifteen and eighteen.

There is a variety of secondary education options available to students, who may choose between courses aimed primarily at those seeking to enter the job market (technology courses) and others for those hoping to continue on to higher education (general courses).

All courses contain a technical, technological and vocational element, as well as Portuguese language and culture, in accordance with the general thrust of the course, and students are able to cross from one course to another. The curriculum is divided into subjects, with one teacher, in principle, for each subject.

Students must decide whether to opt for general education or vocational training.

General Secondary Education

Sciences and Technologies

  • Main subject - 10th, 11th and 12th years - Mathematics A
  • Specific Subjects - 10th and 11th years - Biology and Geology, Descriptive Geometry,
  • Physics and Chemistry (two of these)
  • Optional Subjects - 12th year - Biology, Geology, Physics, Chemistry, Psychology or others (two of these)

 

  • Social and Human Sciences
  • Socio-Economic Sciences
  • Visual Arts
  • Vocational Education

 

Exams and Marks at Secondary School

Exams results are averaged to produce a final grade between 0 and 20.
Those who complete a technical course will receive a level IV vocational training certificate, as well as the diploma of Secondary School completion.

Higher education

Higher education comprises university education and polytechnic education, organized along different lines.

Most students in higher education are aged between eighteen and twenty five. However, people aged 25 or over may apply for place in higher education even if they do not possess the necessary secondary education or equivalent qualification, or a higher education qualification, provided they prove they have the necessary skills and knowledge.