Calahorra/Spain

SPAIN

Miscellanea

Kingdom of Spain

Capital City: Madrid    

Population 46.7 million   

Area 505,988 sq km (195,363 sq miles)      

Spoken languages: Spanish , Catalan and its variant Valencian, Galician and  Euskera      

Main Church: Catholic 70%      

Life expectancy :79 years (men), 85 years (women)       

Currency: euro     

Head of state: King Felipe VI         

Prime Minister: Mariano Rajoy

A little bit of history

Located at the crossroads of the Atlantic and the Mediterranean, Europe and Africa, Spain's history and culture are made up of a rich mixture of diverse elements.

Through exploration and conquest, Spain became a world power in the 16th century, and it maintained a vast overseas empire until the early 19th century.

Spain consists of most of the Iberian Peninsula, plus the Balearic Islands, the Canary Islands and two North African territories (Ceuta and Melilla) Subsequent failure to embrace the mercantile and industrial revolutions caused the country to fall behind Britain, France, and Germany in economic and political power. 

Spain remained neutral in World Wars I and II but suffered through a devastating civil war (1936-39)   and the following 36-year dictatorship of General Francisco Franco.

A peaceful transition to democracy following the death of Dictator Francisco Franco in 1975 , with King Juan Carlos as head of state, and rapid economic modernization gave Spain a dynamic and rapidly growing economy and made it a global champion of freedom and human rights. The constitution of 1978 enshrines respect for linguistic and cultural diversity within a united Spain. The country is divided into 17 regions which all have their own directly elected authorities.  Spain joined the European Union (EU) on 1 January 1986 and participated in the introduction of the Euro (EUR) in a two-phased approach in 1999 (accounting phase) and 2002 (monetary phase) to replace the Spanish peseta   In 1982 Spain joined NATO. Spain is also a member country of the Schengen Area in which border controls with other Schengen members have been eliminated while at the same those with non-Schengen countries have been strengthened.    

Economy

The Spanish economy was of the most dynamic in the EU. Since the 1990s some Spanish companies have gained multinational status, often expanding their activities in culturally close Latin America. Spain is the second biggest foreign investor there, after the United States. Spanish companies too have expanded into Asia, especially China and India. This early global expansion is a competitive advantage over its competitors and European neighbors. The reason may be primarily due to the booming interest toward Spanish language and culture in Asia and Africa, but also a corporate culture that learned to take risks in unstable markets.

 However the tourism, housing and construction industry were hit hard by the global economic crisis of 2008-9 and has undertaken painful austerity measures. More than 27% of Spaniards were unemployed at lowest point.    

Tourism

Spain is one of the world's leading tourist destination, thanks to our country's variety of attractions. In this regard, it is important to note that Spain is the world's second country with the most World Heritage cities, Madrid, Barcelona, Sevilla, Granada and Toledo are among the best well-known It is  the third in terms of natural areas declared Biosphere Reserves, or the country with the most Blue Flag beaches in the entire Northern Hemisphere. These are only a few examples of the attractions that Spain has to offer its visitors.

    

Madrid

 

Granada

Barcelona

Sevilla

Menorca 

Pirineo Aragonés

 

Art

Culturally speaking from Velazquez in the seventeenth century, through Goya straddling the eighteenth and nineteenth, to Picasso, Dalí and Gaudí in the twentieth, Spain has the proudest of traditions in art.    

Velazquez

Goya

Picasso

Dalí

Flamenco music and dance are widely admired around the world while Cervantes' novel Don Quixote is one of the most popular ever written.

Cinema is much loved and the films of directors such as Pedro Almodovar and Juan Antonio Bayona among others  attract huge audiences.

 

CALAHORRA

Calahorra is a municipality in Rioja Baja. It is near the border with Navarre on the river Ebro. During ancient Roman times, Calahorra was known as Calagurris Fibularia.

The city is located on a hill at an altitude of 358 metres (1,175 ft) at the confluence of the Ebro and Cidacos rivers. It has an area of 91.41 square kilometres (35.29 sq mi). Calahorra is the second-largest city in La Rioja in population and importance. 21,060 people live there.

People have lived in the area that is now Calahorra since the Paleolithic. It has had a stable population since the Iron Age.

Rome took control of the town in 187 BC. They made it more important as an administrative centre for regions near it. Julius Caesar and Augustus Caesar gave the city (then named Calagurris) converted the town into a municipality. They developed its city planning, economy, and politics. Its archeological remains show that it had a circus, baths, an amphitheatre, and other things found in large cities. It minted money and served as a justice administration centre.

It stands on a promontory overlooking the fertile plain of Cidacos and its chief activity is distributing the area's excellent garden products.

In the historic centre of Calahorra there are still a good many vestiges of its past, such as the Cathedral, in an elevated flamboyant Gothic style and with a main front bearing alabaster figures, which dates from the 15th century; and its San Jerónimo door, in the plateresque style. In the Muslim old town there is a Roman arch and the church of San Andrés, from the 16th century.     

In Plaza del Raso, a former Roman forum, stands the church of Santiago, the finest example of La Rioja's Neoclassic style.

Also worth a visit are the Municipal Museum, which contains some 11,000 archaeological pieces, among them the famous Dama Calagurritana, and the Carmelite convent, which houses a splendid Christ tied to the column by Gregorio Fernández.

 The Marco Fabio Quintiliano Parador de Turismo is in the central Paseo del Mercadal.  

 CEPA SAN FRANCISCO

Our school is located in the Old Town of Calahorra. It was a Primary School called Aurelio Prudencio for many years. Since then it has been rebuilt and redecorated and offers modern facilities and new technology equipment although it still has the characteristic atmosphere of an old building what gives the school certain charming.    

It started as an adult school in 1985 with about 85 students and 5 teachers. Step by step the school center has increased widely and nowadays has a large educational offer with a staff of 15 teachers and an enrolment of 500 students.

The school offers different education, formal and non-formal among which are included  Pre-secondary education, Secondary Education, English language courses with different levels, Spanish language for foreigners, literacy courses, basic ICT, writing workshop...

There is also a program of online education promoted by the Ministery of Culture and Education called "Aula Mentor" in which adult students can find a wide range of courses based on different issues like computers, business, accounting, languages, health...

Our school therefore fights against the technological breach not only caused by lack of knowledge but also due to lack of economical resources. Our school has technological facilities to develop these objectives.

We also offer library facilities for students with the opportunity of borrowing current and classic books, magazines, newspapers and a wide collection of films.

We usually organize extra-curricular activities like our Cultural Day in which many activities and contests are proposed by teachers for students entertainment. Cultural trips are also very demanded by students and we also issue a School magazine every June in which teachers and students collaborate.

Twice every school year we offer the students the opportunity of participating in a Reading and Film Club which are usually welcomed.

San Francisco Adult School being a "second chance" school can provide the idea of dealing with diversity. We have a great amount of students that failed at High School for different reasons and that now want to get their Secondary Education Certificate and come back again to the academic world. Some of them succeed because now they have the motivation compared to their previous experience but still we need to learn how to involve the rest in their success at school.

On the contrary we also have those adult students that attend only for the pleasure of learning and that can inspire the previously mentioned students.

With respect to equality of gender  our centre is an example of integration of women specially as a way of integration for female migrant from Maghreb that are illiterate in their own language.

We are also an example of Long Life Learning and as we all know long life learning favours the participation and integration in a society more and more difficult at the social and knowledge level .

Our strength therefore lies on multiculturalism, heterogeneity of students and diversification.