Cuba/Portugal

Cuba is a municipality with 4994 inhabitants, constituted by four parishes: Cuba, Faro do Alentejo, Vila Alva and Vila Ruiva.
Located near its district - Beja, it's served by public transport (by rail and road) connecting to the main cities of the region (Beja and Évora) and the capital of the country, Lisbon.

History

Located in the plains of Alentejo, near the new International Airport of Beja, surrounded by a landscape of hills, crops and olive groves, Cuba is a town with houses that still keep their yards and traditional orchards. Conquered by the Portuguese King D. Sancho II from the Moors, no one knows for sure the origin of the name but it may have been attributed due to the fact that a large number of tanks to store wine was found here. Cuba has shown a vast and rich cultural and architectural history. It is in the local festivities that people, traditional singing and exquisite wine flavor come together. Here the flavors are still pure, bringing to table bread, cheeses, sausages and traditional dishes.


Notable people from Cuba

Christopher Columbus

Christopher Columbus: It was under the name of Christopher Columbus that the man who discovered America, in the late fifteenth century, was known in the world. In the 80s, a new discussion about the nationality of the navigator emerges, through the works of Mascarenhas Barreto. This author has pioneered a new perspective: Christopher Colon would not only be Portuguese but also from Cuba of Alentejo!


Diogo Dias Melgaz

Diogo Dias Melgaz (Cuba (Portugal), 1638 - Évora, 1700), patron of the CEFPDDM, was a Portuguese composer of late-Renaissance sacred polyphony. He was also a choirboy at the Colégio da Claustra in Évora in 1646. He took holy orders at the Cathedral of Évora, where he stayed the rest of his life. He was the last of the great Portuguese polyphonic masters, who began to flourish in Évora in the second half of the sixteenth century. A large part of Melgaz's work is lost. The surviving works - masses, motets, graduals - are kept in the archives of the Cathedrals of Évora and Lisbon.

Interesting places

Church and Gathering of Carmo / Old Hospital (Century XVII-XVII)

It's located in the Largo do Carmo / Largo S. João de Deus, in the village of Cuba. Built between 1652-54. The convent is a building from the 18th century. The construction takes place around a rectangular courtyard, the round arches cloister supported by pillars and corbels, where they open to the level of the first floor. The building has Guillotine windows type.

Roman Bridge of Ribeira de Odivelas - Vila Ruiva

The Roman bridge of Vila Ruiva, on the Ribeira de Odivelas, has a probable date of its construction, first century B.C. but there are vestiges of reconstruction and additions, executed by the peoples that followed the Roman occupation, as Visigoths and Arabs. It's one of the most monumental Roman bridges in Portugal, 120 meters long, about five meters wide and also about five meters high.
Sustained by pillars with eyes, finishing arcs of very perfect curvature, more than 20, but the exact number is not known, since some of these arches are buried. This bridge is classified as National Monument.

Mother Church of São Vicente

The church began to be built in the year 1500 on the initiative of the friars of St. Vincent. It's lined with 17th century tiles and its interior is large and decorated with 17th century tile panels and panels of saints. The altarpieces and statuary date from the XVII and XVIII centuries.

Building of the Court of the Region of Cuba

It's located in Largo Cristovão Colon (common Largo do Tribunal) in the village of Cuba. There may possibly have existed the palace of D. Luís, son of King Manuel I.
It was never actually inhabited and degraded in such a way that its stones were, for Order of D. Filipe, used in the construction of a chain in the village and some housing.

Cuba - Village of cultural initiatives

Cante Alentejano is a traditional musical genre of Alentejo, Portugal. Singing has never been the only expression of traditional music in Alentejo, being in fact more typical of the lower Alentejo. With "cante", there always coexisted instrumental forms of music with adaptation of plays between genres. On November 27, 2014, during the meeting of the Committee in Paris, UNESCO considered "Cante Alentejano" as Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.
Cuba is "Cante". Cante Alentejano is, by itself, one of the greatest cultural manifestations of the Council of Cuba, in what is considered the "Cathedral of Cante".

Carnival

The parade is organized by the Municipality of Cuba. It's a ludic and recreational activity whose main objective is to promote and dynamize the municipality in a touristic way, through the celebration of this festive season.

Cuba's Annual Fair

This event has as main objective the promotion of local economic activities. It's a Traditional Fair, where exhibitions, crafts, trade, typical regional products, musical shows and animation mark a constant presence.

Alentejo Traditional Cuisine - Cuba, a village from Alentejo

Cuba, located in Alentejo - one of the Portuguese regions best known for its original and excellent gastronomy-, presents you different and tasty dishes, concocted with the rich flavours of aromatic herbs, result of the contributions made by all those who have occupied the Peninsula Iberica. From oregano to rosemary and coriander, as well as the spices, these are elements that fill the cooking with perfume, granting them that special Alentejo's touch. Alentejo's cuisine is a synonym of flavor, intensity and passion.

 

Cuba Professional School

The Professional School of Cuba is a teaching institution created by the Municipal Council of Cuba, on May 20, 2008, owned by the Center for Studies and Professional Training Diogo Dias Melgaz, Unipessoal, Lda.
It is credited to teach Level II, III and IV Professional Courses. Although it has been a legal entity for a relatively short time - since 2008- , it has a great deal of experience in the field of Vocational Education, since it was for several years a pole of the Fialho de Almeida Professional School.


It's a municipal company representing one of the formative offers of the county, the unique one in the level of the professional formation. It was felt, from an early age, in the county of Cuba, the need to focus on a vocational education, a more practical education and that meets the needs and demanding of the European labor market.


From this need came the Professional School of Cuba, which since its conception has bet on a formative offer of quality, innovative and in full harmony with the urgencies of the labor market. In order to carry out this solid, professional and innovative training project, from the very beginning, we had competent professionals, experienced in the areas of training offered at school and with a vast knowledge of the region's business fabric - many of the companies based in our area have established partnership protocols with our institution.


Our mission turns out to be both simple and complex: daily improve our practice, always walking with excellence as the ultimate goal. We wish to continue to be a reference school in vocational training in Baixo Alentejo, always orienting our action for rigor, demand, innovation and competence - factors that contribute decisively to the sustainable development of the country.
At this moment, the Professional Courses are Technical Assistant of Health ,Technician of Multimedia, Technician of Audiovisuals, Technician of Electrical Installations and Technician of Sport .


So now we are currently ministering seven courses in seven classes, a total of 158 students. All of this courses have a curriculum development perfectly adjusted to the objectives they pursue and to training profiles. All they have a 3 years term - except the vocational course and the ETC course - and confer equivalence to the 12th year/grade. For all studentes, they'll have two internships at one company in the area, one internship at the end of the 2nd year and another at the end of the 3rd year (each of them with 300 hours of practice).


With regard to International Projects, the Cuban Professional School understands the importance of disseminating European practices in its education system. For this reason, we have had over the years several international projects that allow our students a contact with other professional realities, with other cultures and other ways of seeing, thinking and doing education. We have participated in Comenius Multilateral Partner Projects, Leonardo da Vinci Projects, Bilateral Comenius Projects, Grundtvig Learning Partnership Projects, Comenius Multilateral Partnership Projects and Erasmus + Projects. A school open to innovation, aware of the need for competent professionals in the labor market and who intends to contribute to a more democratic, professional and sustainable Europe.

 

 

PORTUGAL


A country by the sea ...  

Portugal is a country located in the Iberian Peninsula, in South-western Europe, right next to the Atlantic Ocean.  To the west and south it is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and to the east and north by Spain, in fact, the Portugal-Spain border is considered the longest uninterrupted border within the European Union. The republic also includes, besides the continental territory, the Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira, both autonomous regions with their own regional governments.

Portugal was born as a result of the Christian Reconquista, and in 1139, Afonso Henriques was proclaimed King of Portugal, thus firmly establishing Portuguese independence.

In the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal established the first global empire, becoming one of the world's major economic, political and military powers. During this time, Portuguese explorers pioneered maritime exploration in the Age of Discovery, with such notable discoveries as Vasco da Gama's sea route to India (1497-98), the discovery of Brazil (1500), and the reaching of the Cape of Good Hope.

After the 1910 revolution deposed the monarchy, the democratic but unstable Portuguese First Republic was established, later being superseded by the Estado Novo a right-wing authoritarian regime. Democracy was restored after the Portuguese Colonial War and the 25th of April Revolution in 1974 - it was known also because it was a pacific revolution, which says a lot about the Portuguese people. Shortly after, independence was granted to almost all its overseas territories, marking the end of the longest-lived colonial empire. Portugal has left a profound cultural and architectural influence across the globe and a legacy of over 250 million Portuguese speakers today.

Portugal is a developed country with a high-income advanced economy and a high living standard. It is the 5th most peaceful country in the world, maintaining a unitary semi-presidential republican form of government. Portugal is also a founding member of NATO and the Community of Portuguese Language Countries, it is also a member of numerous other international organizations, including the United Nations, the European Union, the eurozone, and OECD.   

In 1986, Portugal joined the European Economic Community (EEC) that later became the European Union (EU). In the following years Portugal's economy progressed considerably as a result of EEC/EU structural and cohesion funds and Portuguese companies' easier access to foreign markets. Portugal has been a semi-presidential representative democratic republic since the ratification of the Constitution of 1976, with Lisbon, the nation's largest city, as its capital. The Constitution grants the division or separation of powers among four bodies referred as "organs of Sovereignty": the President of the Republic, the Government, the Assembly of the Republic and the Courts.

Geography

The territory of Portugal includes an area in the Iberian Peninsula and two archipelagos in the Atlantic Ocean: the archipelagos of Madeira and the Azores.

Portugal is defined as a Mediterranean climate and is one of the warmest European countries: the annual average temperature in mainland Portugal varies from 8-12°C in the mountainous interior north to 16-19°C - so, we can say that we have a niceweather.

In the south of Portugal, the annual average temperatures can be as high as 28°C, and summer highest temperatures routinely are over 40°C - or a bit more.

Snowfalls occur regularly in the winter in the interior North and Centre of the country.

Administratively, Portugal is divided into 308 municipalities, which after a reform in 2013 are subdivided into 3,092 civil parishes. Operationally, the municipality and civil parish, along with the national government, are the only legally identifiable local administrative units identified by the government of Portugal (for example, cities, towns or villages have no standing in law, although may be used as catchment for the defining services).

Portugal is a country whose relief has different aspects (mountains, plateaus and plains). It has the longest maritime coast in Europe and the largest Atlantic front. It's a country that also has many rivers; the main ones are the Tagus, the Douro, the Guadiana and the Mondego.

Languages

Portuguese is the official language of Portugal. The Portuguese language is derived from the Latin spoken by the romanized Pre-Roman peoples of the Iberian Peninsula around 2000 years ago. Portuguese is now spoken as a native language in five different continents, with Brazil accounting for the largest number of native Portuguese speakers of any country (200 million speakers in 2012).

In 2013 the Portuguese language is the official language spoken in Brazil, Angola, Mozambique, Cape Verde, São Tomé and Príncipe, Guinea-Bissau, Equatorial Guinea, and East Timor.

Mirandese is also recognized as a co-official regional language in some municipalities of North-Eastern Portugal. An estimate of between 6,000 and 7,000 Mirandese speakers has been documented for Portugal.


Education


The educational system is divided into preschool (for those under age 6), basic education (9 years, in three stages, compulsory), secondary education (3 years, compulsory since 2010), and higher education (subdivided in university and polytechnic education).

Portuguese universities have existed since 1290. The oldest Portuguese university was first established in Lisbon before moving to Coimbra. Historically, within the scope of the Portuguese Empire, the Portuguese founded the oldest engineering school of the Americas (the Real Academia de Artilharia, Fortificação e Desenho of Rio de Janeiro) in 1792, as well as the oldest medical college in Asia (the Escola Médico-Cirúrgica of Goa) in 1842.

The Bologna process has been adopted, since 2006, by Portuguese universities and poly-technical institutes.


The Portuguese Education System

Pre-school education
Pre-school education is aimed at children aged between 3 and 5 years and is provided at public, private and co-operative nursery schools which offer educational activities and support for the family, especially in the form of socio-educational activities.

Basic Education


Consists of nine years of schooling divided into three sequential cycles of education of four, two and three years.

The basic education system is divided into three cycles, organized as follows:

1st cycle, with a duration of 4 school years, providing a rounded education, with students taught by a single teacher who teaches all curricular subject areas.


2nd cycle,( 5th and 6th years) - with a duration of 2 school years, in which the learning process is organized into interdisciplinary areas (basic level), mostly with one teacher for each area.

3rd cycle, (7th, 8th and 9th years) - lasting 3 school years, organized around a unified curriculum, including a variety of vocational areas, with one teacher for each subject or group of subjects.

 

Marks

In Basic Education (5th to 9th Grades): Scale of 1 to 5 (positive mark starts at 3) at the end of term.
Percentages are used for tests (0% to 100%), the average assessment is calculated, and making it correspond to the end of term mark (1 to 5);

Secondary education

Secondary school education lasts for 3 years and is compulsory. Secondary education courses have a duration of three years (corresponding to the 10th, 11th and 12th grades), and is open to students who have obtained the basic education diploma. Attendances are required by law. Students are aged between fifteen and eighteen.

There is a variety of secondary education options available to students, who may choose between courses aimed primarily at those seeking to enter the job market (technology courses) and others for those hoping to continue on to higher education (general courses).

All courses contain a technical, technological and vocational element, as well as Portuguese language and culture, in accordance with the general thrust of the course, and students are able to cross from one course to another. The curriculum is divided into subjects, with one teacher, in principle, for each subject.

Students must decide whether to opt for general education or vocational training.

General Secondary Education

Sciences and Technologies

 

  • Main subject - 10th, 11th and 12th years - Mathematics A
  • Specific Subjects - 10th and 11th years - Biology and Geology, Descriptive Geometry,
  • Physics and Chemistry (two of these)
  • Optional Subjects - 12th year - Biology, Geology, Physics, Chemistry, Psychology or others (two of these)

 

 

 

  • Social and Human Sciences
  • Socio-Economic Sciences
  • Visual Arts
  • Vocational Education

 

 

Exams and Marks at Secondary School

Exams results are averaged to produce a final grade between 0 and 20.
Those who complete a technical course will receive a level IV vocational training certificate, as well as the diploma of Secondary School completion.

Higher education

Higher education comprises university education and polytechnic education, organized along different lines.

Most students in higher education are aged between eighteen and twenty five. However, people aged 25 or over may apply for place in higher education even if they do not possess the necessary secondary education or equivalent qualification, or a higher education qualification, provided they prove they have the necessary skills and knowledge.